10 Nepal Flag Symbolism, Meaning, History, Facts, and Trivia

Flag of Nepal Symbolism Facts & Meaning: History & Trivia

Nepal Flag History

The Nepalese flag has an unusual non-rectangular design consisting of two stacked triangles. The bigger bottom triangle has a white sun with twelve points, signifying the months of the year, while the top triangle features a white moon and crescent, indicating optimism and longevity. The kingdom’s creation dates back to the 18th century and is attributed to King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who united Nepal. The flag, which was formally adopted on December 16, 1962, continues to stand for sovereignty, solidarity, and national pride.

Nepal First vs Present-Day Flag Design

Over the years, there have been numerous modifications and changes to the Nepali flag design.

First Flag Design

  • Shape: The early Nepal flag, designed under the reign of King Prithvi Narayan Shah, had a non-rectangular form composed of two stacking triangles, similar to the current flag.
  • Symbols: In the upper and lower triangles of the early flag, accordingly, were a white crescent moon and a white sun with twelve points. These symbols expressed the Rana family’s influence (sun with twelve points) and the wish for longevity (moon).

Present-Day Flag Design

  • Shape: Nepal’s present flag keeps its unusual non-rectangular form with two stacked triangles.
  • Symbols: A white moon and crescent are shown in the upper triangle of the current flag, which has a scarlet backdrop. A white sun with twelve points is displayed in the bottom triangle. The symbolic significance of the emblems is approximately the same: the sun signifies the Rana family and the twelve months of the year, while the moon embodies optimism and longevity.

Designer of Nepal Flag

The original Nepali flag, which is usually credited to King Prithvi Narayan Shah in the 18th century, is uncommon and unique since it has two stacked triangles on it. The two primary symbols on this flag were a white crescent moon with twelve points in the top triangle and a white sun with twelve points in the bottom triangle. The symbols stood for confidence, enduring power, and Rana family influence.

The modern flag of Nepal, characterized by its unique arrangement of two overlapping triangles and incorporating representations of the moon and sun, has historical origins tracing back to the 18th century under the reign of King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who is conventionally acknowledged as its originator. Although Shankar Nath Rimal contributed significantly to advancing and boosting the flag’s prominence in the early 20th century, there is limited historical substantiation to support the notion that he undertook a redesign of the modern flag in response to a request from King Mahendra.

Symbolic Meaning of Nepal Flag Design

The design, colors, and figures on the Nepalese flag have a deep meaning. Here is a description of each part:


The flag of Nepal definitely stands apart from others because of its non-rectangular design, which is composed of two stacked triangles. The design, which is often known as a “double pennon,” has a long tradition and represents Nepal’s distinct character and freedom.

The distinctive non-rectangular design of the flag is believed to represent the Nepalese Himalayan Mountain ranges. It serves as an indicator of the country’s lofty goals as well as its status as a mountainous country.


The color crimson, often known as dark red, symbolizes the courage and heroism of the Nepalese people. It likewise represents their will to uphold their independence.


  • Moon: A sickle-topped white moon appears in the upper triangle of the flag. The moon represents Nepal’s reigning house and the wish for its monarchy to last as long as the moon.
  • Sun: A twelve-pointed white sun may be seen in the bigger, bottom triangle. The sun represents the Rana dynasty, a prominent royal family in Nepal’s history. Each of the twelve sun points stands for each month of the year.

Nepal Flag Symbolic Importance

Nepal’s flag holds tremendous meaning for the country. Its unique shape of two stacked triangles represents unity and harmony, indicating the historical union of several dynasties and kingdoms. The crimson background symbolizes courage and heroism, while the flag encourages national pride and a sense of culture. The moon represents promise for an exciting future, while the flag’s design is reminiscent of the Himalayan mountains, underscoring Nepal’s geographical significance. In conclusion, the Nepali flag represents unity, cultural heritage, and national pride.

Nepal Flag Raising Ceremony

Flag-raising ceremonies are a common tradition in Nepal and are observed on various occasions, including national holidays like Constitution Day and Republic Day. December 1 marks Nepal’s historic unification under King Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1769, celebrated with a flag-raising. The national flag is also raised during official events, local festivals, and gatherings to show unity and pride. Conversely, lowering the flag to half-mast is a sign of mourning during national grief, disasters, global solidarity, or sad event anniversaries. Authorities decide whether to lower the flag, and it is a somber act of remembrance and sympathy.

Nepal Flag Rules and Etiquette

In Nepal, flag standards and etiquette include accurate placement and courteous display, no defacing or commercial usage, polite conduct during the national anthem, and the correct disposal of worn-out flags. The flag should be hoisted and lowered at dawn and sunset, and it is typically flown at private dwellings on national holidays. The flag should be flown on cars on the correct side before touching the ground, displaying loyalty to and reverence for Nepal’s tradition. These norms protect the respect and majesty of the national flag and reflect national pride.

Traditional Nepal Flag Display Customs

Traditional customs and practices connected with Nepal’s flag include that special flags are raised for holidays like Dashain; flags are used as revered symbols in religious events; and flags are flown while climbing Himalayan peaks. Flags are also utilized decoratively throughout cultural celebrations and events, included in customary attire and crafts, and worn during marriages to represent togetherness and national pride. These customs show the flag’s historical and symbolic value in Nepalese daily life and festivals.

Nepal Flag Trivia

Among all UN member nations, Nepal’s flag is the only non-rectangular national flag. It distinguishes itself from other countries’ rectangular flags with its characteristic two-triangle pattern. This distinctive design, which resembles the Himalayan Mountain ranges, represents Nepal’s highland culture and placement among the world’s tallest peaks.

Nepal Flag in Legends and Mythology

In Nepalese folklore and mythology, the national flag has significant cultural and historical value. The design and symbolism of the flag have associations with Nepal’s rich religious and cultural legacy, even though they have little to do with tales or traditions from the past.

  • Legend of King Prithvi Narayan Shah: The unique flag’s two stacked triangles, moon, and sun emblems were believed to have appeared in Prithvi Narayan Shah’s dream. He was the country’s first unifying monarch. A dream led King Prithvi Narayan Shah to utilize the flag with two stacked triangles, the moon, and the sun emblems as a symbol of Nepal’s freedom and togetherness.
  • Himalayan Connection: The shape of the flag, which mimics the Himalayan mountains, marks Nepal’s geographical location. In Hinduism and Buddhism, the Himalayas are associated with journeys of faith and enlightenment.
  • Religious Symbols: Symbols have wonderful religious value in Nepal’s mostly Hindu and Buddhist culture. The moon and sun on the flag symbolize these beliefs, relating to Hindu gods like Chandra (moon) and Surya (sun).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *